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Ordered Mesoporous Metal Carbides with Enhanced Anisole Hydrodeoxygenation Selectivity

Research paper by Qi Lu, Cha-Jung Chen, Wesley Luc, Jingguang G. Chen, Aditya Bhan, Feng Jiao

Indexed on: 04 May '16Published on: 19 Apr '16Published in: ACS Catalysis



Abstract

Mesoporous metal carbides are of particular interest as catalysts for a variety of reactions because of their high surface areas, porous networks, nanosized walls, and unique electronic structures. Here, two ordered mesoporous metal carbides, Mo2C and W2C, were synthesized using a nanocasting approach coupled with a simultaneous decomposition/carburization process under a continuous methane flow. The as-synthesized mesoporous Mo2C and W2C have three dimensionally ordered porous structures, large surface areas (70–90 m2 g–1), and crystalline walls. In vapor-phase anisole hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) reactions, they exhibited turnover frequencies of approximately 9 and 2 × 10–4 mol molCO–1 s–1, respectively, at relatively low reaction temperatures (423–443 K) and ambient hydrogen pressures. Notably, the ordered mesoporous W2C catalyst showed a greater than 96% benzene selectivity in anisole HDO, the highest benzene selectivity reported to date.

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