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Oral health-related quality of life among adults 68-77 years old in Nord-Trøndelag, Norway.

Research paper by K E KE Dahl, N J NJ Wang, D D Holst, K K Ohrn

Indexed on: 14 Jan '11Published on: 14 Jan '11Published in: International Journal of Dental Hygiene



Abstract

Dental health has mostly been measured by dental staff disregarding patient's experiences. However, clinical conditions alone do not fully indicate how people feel affected by their oral status. The aim of this study was to investigate how clinical recorded dental health, self-rated dental health, satisfaction with dental health were related to oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) assessed by Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) in 68-77 years old. A total of 151 individuals completed a questionnaire on self-rated dental health, satisfaction with dental health and the short form of OHIP-14. Clinical examination was performed registering number of teeth and dental caries. In total 63% of the individuals rated their dental health as good, and 59% were satisfied with their dental health. Using the OHIP-14 42% reported no problems or oral discomfort at all. The proportion of individuals reporting problems or discomfort varied between 13% and 43% according to the dimensions of OHIP-14. The most frequently reported problems were physical pain (43%), psychological discomfort (28%) and psychological disability (28%). Individuals who rated their dental health as poor and those who were dissatisfied with their dental health had significantly lower OHRQoL than other individuals. The study showed relationship between self-evaluations of dental health and OHRQoL in 68-77 years old. Individuals with few teeth reported lower OHRQoL than others, but no association between clinical caries status and OHRQoL could be found.