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Optimization of Cadmium (CD(2+)) removal from aqueous solutions by novel biosorbent.

Research paper by Alaa El Din Ael D Mahmoud, Manal M Fawzy, Ahmed A Radwan

Indexed on: 17 Sep '15Published on: 17 Sep '15Published in: International journal of phytoremediation



Abstract

In this research, dead leaves of a common ornamental plant, Dracaena draca known also as dragon tree was used as a biosorbent for the removal of Cadmium (Cd(2+)) from aqueous solutions using a full 2(3) factorial experimental design. Three factors were investigated at two different levels, metal ion concentration (X = 10 and 100 ppm), hydrogen ion concentration (Ph = 2 and 7) and biomass dose (BD = 0.1 and 0.5g). Experiments were carried out in duplicates with 50 ml of Cd(2+) solutions at room temperature. When comparing observed values (experimental) with calculated values (model), they were set closely together that allowed suggesting a normal distribution where (R(2) = 0.9938). A characterization of the biosorbent was done by pHzpc and SEM-EDAX. Results also showed that the most significant effect for Cd(2+) biosorption was ascribed to (X). The interaction effects of (pH BD) and (X pH) were found to have significant influence on Cd(2+) removal efficiency. The highest Cd(2+) removal percentage attained by 79.60% at X = 10 ppm, pH = 7 and BD = 0.5g. The reusability of the biosorbent was tested in three desorption cycles and the regeneration efficiency was above 99.7%.