Optimal ELM-RBF model and SERS Analysis of Saliva for Classification of NS1.

Research paper by N H NH Othman, Khuan Y KY Lee, A R M ARM Radzol, W W Mansor

Indexed on: 20 Jan '20Published on: 18 Jan '20Published in: Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference


Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) with Radial Basis Function (RBF) Kernel has demonstrated strong capability in pattern recognition and classification problems. NS1 is a biomarker for flavivirus related diseases, where current detection methods are serum based and hence invasive. Our previous work has captured NS1 molecular fingerprint in saliva using Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) that could amount to non-invasive detection method. SERS is an improved Raman spectroscopic technique, which can amplify spectral intensity by 10 to l0 times, to yield usable spectra of low concentration NS1 in saliva. The spectra produced contain 1801 features for each of the 284 samples collected. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) transforms a high dimensional data to a lower dimension principal components (PCs), at no sacrifice of important information of the original data. Both termination criteria of PCA and kernel parameters of ELM have effect on performance of the classifier models. This paper aims to unravel an optimal ELM-RBF classifier model for classification of NS1 salivary SERS spectra. Performance of a total of 864 classifier models are examined and compared in terms of [accuracy, kappa, precision, sensitivity and specificity]. Results show that CPV- and EOC-ELM-RBF classifier models are on par and outperform the Scree-ELM-RBF classifier models.

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