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Optical characterization of dislocation free Ge and GeOI wafers

Research paper by S. Kalem, I. Romandic, A. Theuwis

Indexed on: 25 Dec '15Published on: 25 Dec '15Published in: Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect



Abstract

Optical properties of dislocations free state-of-the-art Germanium(Ge) and Germanium-oninsulator(GeOI) wafers have been characterized using Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy at oblique incidence, attenuated total reflectance, laser Raman scattering, linear and nonlinear optical transmission. In n-type Ge, in addition to vibrational modes observed in intrinsic(i) Ge, a band at 535cm-1 which is likely due to carbon and a strong peak at 668 cm-1 were observed at non-normal incidence. Despite the strong heavy hole to light hole absorption band at low energies, the 668 cm-1 peak was also observed in p-Ge. The appearance of new bands and the enhancement in band strength are in general observed in both type of wafers at oblique incidence. GeOI exhibits a strong disorder induced LO-TO coupling mode which can only be observed at non-normal incidence. Optical absorption at the near bang edge reveals the presence of doping related disorder and band shrinkage, which is supported also by Ge-Ge one-phonon line broadening at 301 cm-1. Different nonlinear optical absorption behavior was observed in n-Ge, p-Ge and GeOI wafers. The p-Ge becomes transparent to CO2 laser line at 10.6 micrometer, while transmitted power decreases in n-Ge with increasing UV-VIS pump power.