Indexed on: 18 Nov '08Published on: 18 Nov '08Published in: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
As activated microglia (MG) is an early sign that often precedes and triggers neuronal death, inhibition of microglial activation and reduction of subsequent neurotoxicity may offer therapeutic benefit. The present study demonstrates that rat primary cultured MG expressed Kir6.1 and SUR2 subunits of K(ATP) channel, which was identical to that expressed in BV-2 microglial cell line. The classic K(ATP) channel opener pinacidil and selective mitochondrial K(ATP) (mito-K(ATP)) channel opener diazoxide prevented rotenone-induced microglial activation and production of pro-inflammatory factors (tumour necrosis factor[TNF]-alpha and prostaglandin E(2)[PGE(2)]). And the effects of pinacidil and diazoxide were reversed by mito-K(ATP) blocker 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD), indicating that mito-K(ATP) channels participate in the regulation of microglial activation. Moreover, the underlying mechanisms involved the stabilization of mitochodrial membrane potential and inhibition of p38/c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation in microglia. Furthermore, the in vivo study confirmed that diazoxide exhibited neuroprotective effects against rotenone along with the inhibition of microglial activation and neuroinflammation. Thus, microglial mito-K(ATP) channel might be a novel prospective target for the treatment of neuroinflammation-related degenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease.