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One-stage posttraumatic bladder reconstruction and soft-tissue coverage of the lower abdomen or perineum.

Research paper by Chih-Wei CW Wu, Cheng-Hung CH Lin, Chih-Hung CH Lin

Indexed on: 22 Dec '09Published on: 22 Dec '09Published in: Annals of plastic surgery



Abstract

Mutilating injury on pelvis may be complicated by urinary bladder ruptures and soft-tissue avulsion of the lower abdominal wall or perineum. With retraction of the avulsed abdominal wall or perineum, as well as bladder tissue loss secondary to trauma or infection, direct closure the injured bladder often leads to excessive tension, resulting in ischemia and eventual failure of repair. The authors successfully managed 4 patients with such injuries using the pedicled vastus lateralis myocutaneous flap. No major complications occurred and intact bladders were confirmed with cystograms. Three (75%) of them were able to void normally within 1 year. It is concluded that the pedicled vastus lateralis myocutaneous flap is an ideal option for posttraumatic bladder reconstruction and soft-tissue coverage of the lower abdomen or perineum; whereas the undersurface of the muscle serves as a substitute for the missing bladder wall, the remaining part of the muscle, as well as the subcutaneous fat, provide sufficient bulk for dead space obliteration.