Indexed on: 29 Nov '07Published on: 29 Nov '07Published in: Current medical research and opinion
Oral ibandronate 150 mg is the first bisphosphonate approved for once-monthly treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. To investigate whether once-monthly ibandronate 150 mg increases lumbar spine and total hip bone mineral density (BMD) to the same degree as weekly alendronate 70 mg.This was a 12-month, randomised, multinational, multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group, non-inferiority trial, conducted in 65 centres in North America, Latin America, Europe and South Africa. The study included postmenopausal women, mean lumbar spine (L2-L4) BMD T-score < -2.5 and > or = -5.0. Patients received either ibandronate 150 mg once monthly or alendronate 70 mg once weekly.Co-primary efficacy endpoints were 12-month change (%) from baseline in mean lumbar spine and total hip BMD. Changes (%) from baseline in trochanter and femoral neck BMD were also evaluated. Adverse events were monitored throughout. Once-monthly ibandronate was considered non-inferior to weekly alendronate if the lower boundary of the one-sided 97.5% confidence interval (CI) (or two-sided 95% CI) was > or = -1.41% for lumbar spine and > or = -0.87% for total hip.Mean relative 12-month changes were 5.1% and 5.8% (95% CI for difference, -1.13, -0.23) in lumbar spine and 2.9% and 3.0% (95% CI for difference, -0.38, 0.18) in total hip BMD with once-monthly ibandronate and weekly alendronate, respectively; meeting the non-inferiority criteria at both sites. Gains in trochanter and femoral neck BMD were similar with both treatments. Both regimens were well tolerated.The MOTION study is registered with the International Federation of Pharmaceutical Manufacturers and Associations trial portal, under the ID number MM17385.Once-monthly ibandronate was shown to be clinically comparable to weekly alendronate at increasing BMD after 12 months in both the lumbar spine and total hip.