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On the semigroup $\textbf{ID}_{\infty}$

Research paper by Oleg Gutik, Anatolii Savchuk

Indexed on: 16 Apr '19Published on: 14 Apr '19Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Group Theory



Abstract

We study the semigroup $\textbf{{ID}}_{\infty}$ of all partial isometries of the set of integers $\mathbb{Z}$. It is proved that the quotient semigroup $\textbf{{ID}}_{\infty}/\mathfrak{C}_{\textsf{mg}}$, where $\mathfrak{C}_{\textsf{mg}}$ is the minimum group congruence, is isomorphic to the group ${\textsf{Iso}}(\mathbb{Z})$ of all isometries of $\mathbb{Z}$, $\textbf{{ID}}_{\infty}$ is an $F$-inverse semigroup, and $\textbf{{ID}}_{\infty}$ is isomorphic to the semidirect product ${\textsf{Iso}}(\mathbb{Z})\ltimes_\mathfrak{h}\mathscr{P}_{\!\infty}(\mathbb{Z})$ of the free semilattice with unit $(\mathscr{P}_{\!\infty}(\mathbb{Z}),\cup)$ by the group ${\textsf{Iso}}(\mathbb{Z})$. We give the sufficient conditions on a shift-continuous topology $\tau$ on $\textbf{{ID}}_{\infty}$ when $\tau$ is discrete. A non-discrete Hausdorff semigroup topology on $\textbf{{ID}}_{\infty}$ is constructed. Also, the problem of an embedding of the discrete semigroup $\textbf{{ID}}_{\infty}$ into Hausdorff compact-like topological semigroups is studied.