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On the packing chromatic number of Moore graphs

Research paper by Julián Fresán-Figueroa, Diego González-Moreno, Mika Olsen

Indexed on: 18 Dec '20Published on: 25 Sep '19Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Combinatorics



Abstract

The \emph{packing chromatic number $\chi_\rho (G)$} of a graph $G$ is the smallest integer $k$ for which there exists a vertex coloring $\Gamma: V(G)\rightarrow \{1,2,\dots , k\}$ such that any two vertices of color $i$ are at distance at least $i + 1$. For $g\in \{6,8,12\}$, $(q+1,g)$-Moore graphs are $(q+1)$-regular graphs with girth $g$ which are the incidence graphs of a symmetric generalized $g/2$-gons of order $q$. In this paper we study the packing chromatic number of a $(q+1,g)$-Moore graph $G$. For $g=6$ we present the exact value of $\chi_\rho (G)$. For $g=8$, we determine $\chi_\rho (G)$ in terms of the intersection of certain structures in generalized quadrangles. For $g=12$, we present lower and upper bounds for this invariant when $q\ge 9$ an odd prime power.