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On the length of finite groups and of fixed points

Research paper by E. I. Khukhro, P. Shumyatsky

Indexed on: 29 Jan '15Published on: 29 Jan '15Published in: Mathematics - Group Theory



Abstract

The generalized Fitting height of a finite group $G$ is the least number $h=h^*(G)$ such that $F^*_h(G)=G$, where the $F^*_i(G)$ is the generalized Fitting series: $F^*_1(G)=F^*(G)$ and $F^*_{i+1}(G)$ is the inverse image of $F^*(G/F^*_{i}(G))$. It is proved that if $G$ admits a soluble group of automorphisms $A$ of coprime order, then $h^*(G)$ is bounded in terms of $h^* (C_G(A))$, where $C_G(A)$ is the fixed-point subgroup, and the number of prime factors of $|A|$ counting multiplicities. The result follows from the special case when $A=\langle\varphi\rangle$ is of prime order, where it is proved that $F^*(C_G(\varphi ))\leqslant F^*_{9}(G)$. The nonsoluble length $\lambda (G)$ of a finite group $G$ is defined as the minimum number of nonsoluble factors in a normal series each of whose factors either is soluble or is a direct product of nonabelian simple groups. It is proved that if $A$ is a group of automorphisms of $G$ of coprime order, then $\lambda (G)$ is bounded in terms of $\lambda (C_G(A))$ and the number of prime factors of $|A|$ counting multiplicities.