On the conformal anomaly of k-strings

Research paper by Pietro Giudice, Ferdinando Gliozzi, Stefano Lottini

Indexed on: 03 Oct '07Published on: 03 Oct '07Published in: High Energy Physics - Lattice

Abstract

We discuss the long distance behaviour of the flux tube associated to baryon vertices and argue that, if the gauge system admits stable k-strings, the conformal field theory describing this string in the IR has conformal anomaly c=(d-2)\sigma_k/\sigma, where \sigma_k is the k-string tension and \sigma that of the fundamental representation. We check this result in a 3D Z_4 gauge model at finite temperature, where a string effect directly related to "c" can be clearly identified.