On the accuracy of PSF representation in image restoration.

Research paper by A E AE Savakis, H J HJ Trussell

Indexed on: 01 Jan '93Published on: 01 Jan '93Published in: IEEE transactions on image processing : a publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society


Point spread function (PSF) models derived from physical optics provide a more accurate representation of real blurs than simpler models based on geometrical optics. However, the physical PSF models do not always result in a significantly better restoration, due to the coarse sampling of the recording device and insufficiently high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) levels. Low recording resolutions result in aliasing errors in the PSF and suboptimal restorations. A high-resolution representation of the PSF where aliasing errors are minimized is used to obtain improved restorations. The SNR is the parameter which ultimately limits the restoration quality and determines the need for an accurate PSF model. As a rule of thumb, the geometrical PSF can be used in place of the physical PSF without significant loss in restoration quality when the SNR is less than 30 dB.