On the 5/8 bound for non-Abelian Groups

Research paper by John Mangual

Indexed on: 26 May '12Published on: 26 May '12Published in: Mathematics - Group Theory


If we pick two elements of a non-abelian group at random, the odds this pair commutes is at most 5/8, so there is a "gap" between abelian and non-abelian groups \cite{G}. We prove a "topological" generalization estimating the odds a word presenting the fundamental group of an orientable surface $<x,y: [x_1,y_1][x_2,y_2]...[x_n,y_n]=1>$ is satisfied. This resolves a conjecture by Langley, Levitt and Rower.