# On Relatively Prime Subsets and Supersets

Research paper by Mohamed El Bachraoui

Indexed on: 24 Oct '09Published on: 24 Oct '09Published in: Mathematics - Number Theory

#### Abstract

A nonempty finite set of positive integers A is relatively prime if gcd(A) = 1 and it is relatively prime to n if gcd(A [ fng) = 1. The number of nonempty subsets of A which are relatively prime to n is \Phi(A, n) and the number of such subsets of cardinality k is \Phi_k(A, n). Given positive integers l1, l2, m2, and n such that l1 <= l2 <= m2 we give \Phi([1;m1][[l2;m2]; n) along with Phi_k([1;m1] [ [l2;m2]; n). Given positive integers l;m, and n such that l <= m we count for any subset A of {l,l+1,...,m} the number of its supersets in [l;m] which are relatively prime and we count the number of such supersets which are relatively prime to n. Formulas are also obtained for corresponding supersets having fixed cardinalities. Intermediate consequences include a formula for the number of relatively prime sets with a nonempty intersection with some fixed set of positive integers.