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On non-coercive mixed problems for parameter-dependent elliptic operators

Research paper by A. Polkovnikov, A. Shlapunov

Indexed on: 17 Jul '19Published on: 12 Apr '19Published in: arXiv - Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs



Abstract

We consider a (generally, non-coercive) mixed boundary value problem in a bounded domain $D$ of ${\mathbb R}^n$ for a second order parameter-dependent elliptic differential operator $A (x,\partial, \lambda)$ with complex-valued essentially bounded measured coefficients and complex parameter $\lambda$. The differential operator is assumed to be of divergent form in $D$, the boundary operator $B (x,\partial)$ is of Robin type with possible pseudo-differential components on $\partial D$. The boundary of $D$ is assumed to be a Lipschitz surface. Under these assumptions the pair $(A (x,\partial, \lambda),B)$ induces a holomorphic family of Fredholm operators $L(\lambda): H^+(D) \to H^- (D)$ in suitable Hilbert spaces $H^+(D)$ , $H^- (D)$ of Sobolev type. If the argument of the complex-valued multiplier of the parame\-ter in $A (x,\partial, \lambda)$ is continuous and the coefficients related to second order derivatives of the operator are smooth then we prove that the operators $L(\lambda)$ are conti\-nu\-ously invertible for all $\lambda$ with sufficiently large modulus $|\lambda|$ on each ray on the complex plane $\mathbb C$ where the differential operator $A (x,\partial, \lambda)$ is parameter-dependent elliptic. We also describe reasonable conditions for the system of root functions related to the family $L (\lambda)$ to be (doubly) complete in the spaces $H^+(D)$, $H^- (D)$ and the Lebesgue space $L^2 (D)$.