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Oligo(Lactic Acid)8-Rapamycin Prodrug-Loaded Poly(Ethylene Glycol)-block-Poly(Lactic Acid) Micelles for Injection

Research paper by Yu Tong Tam, Lauren Repp, Zhi-Xiong Ma, John B. Feltenberger, Glen S. Kwon

Indexed on: 26 Apr '19Published on: 19 Mar '19Published in: Pharmaceutical Research



Abstract

To prepare an oligo(lactic acid)8-rapamycin prodrug (o(LA)8-RAP)-loaded poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactic acid) (PEG-b-PLA) micelle for injection and characterize its compatibility and performance versus a RAP-loaded PEG-b-PLA micelle for injection in vitro and in vivo.Monodisperse o(LA)8 was coupled on RAP at the C-40 via DCC/DMAP chemistry, and conversion of o(LA)8-RAP prodrug into RAP was characterized in vitro. Physicochemical properties of o(LA)8-RAP- and RAP-loaded PEG-b-PLA micelles and their antitumor efficacies in a syngeneic 4 T1 breast tumor model were compared.Synthesis of o(LA)8-RAP prodrug was confirmed by 1H NMR and mass spectroscopy. The o(LA)8-RAP prodrug underwent conversion in PBS and rat plasma by backbiting and esterase-mediated cleavage, respectively. O(LA)8-RAP-loaded PEG-b-PLA micelles increased water solubility of RAP equivalent to 3.3 mg/ml with no signs of precipitation. Further, o(LA)8-RAP was released more slowly than RAP from PEG-b-PLA micelles. With added physical stability, o(LA)8-RAP-loaded PEG-b-PLA micelles significantly inhibited tumor growth relative to RAP-loaded PEG-b-PLA micelles in 4 T1 breast tumor-bearing mice without signs of acute toxicity.An o(LA)8-RAP-loaded PEG-b-PLA micelle for injection is more stable than a RAP-loaded PEG-b-PLA micelle for injection, and o(LA)8-RAP converts into RAP rapidly in rat plasma (t1/2 = 1 h), resulting in antitumor efficacy in a syngeneic 4 T1 breast tumor model.