Odor-Sensing System to Support Social Participation of People Suffering from Incontinence.

Research paper by Alvaro A Ortiz Pérez, Vera V Kallfaß-de Frenes, Alexander A Filbert, Janosch J Kneer, Benedikt B Bierer, Pirmin P Held, Philipp P Klein, Jürgen J Wöllenstein, Dirk D Benyoucef, Sigrid S Kallfaß, Ulrich U Mescheder, Stefan S Palzer

Indexed on: 31 Dec '16Published on: 31 Dec '16Published in: Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)


This manuscript describes the design considerations, implementation, and laboratory validation of an odor sensing module whose purpose is to support people that suffer from incontinence. Because of the requirements expressed by the affected end-users the odor sensing unit is realized as a portable accessory that may be connected to any pre-existing smart device. We have opted for a low-cost, low-power consuming metal oxide based gas detection approach to highlight the viability of developing an inexpensive yet helpful odor recognition technology. The system consists of a hotplate employing, inkjet-printed p-type semiconducting layers of copper(II) oxide, and chromium titanium oxide. Both functional layers are characterized with respect to their gas-sensitive behavior towards humidity, ammonia, methylmercaptan, and dimethylsulfide and we demonstrate detection limits in the parts-per-billion range for the two latter gases. Employing a temperature variation scheme that reads out the layer's resistivity in a steady-state, we use each sensor chip as a virtual array. With this setup, we demonstrate the feasibility of detecting odors associated with incontinence.