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Ocular hypotensive effect of the Rho kinase inhibitor AR-12286 in patients with glaucoma and ocular hypertension.

Research paper by Robert D RD Williams, Gary D GD Novack, Thomas T van Haarlem, Casey C Kopczynski,

Indexed on: 29 Jul '11Published on: 29 Jul '11Published in: American Journal of Ophthalmology



Abstract

To evaluate the ocular hypotensive efficacy of 0.05%, 0.1% and 0.25% AR-12286 Ophthalmic Solutions in patients diagnosed with ocular hypertension or glaucoma.Parallel comparison, vehicle-controlled, double-masked, 3-week randomized clinical trial.Subjects (n = 89) with elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) were assigned randomly to receive either 1 of 3 concentrations of AR-12286 or its vehicle. Dosing was once-daily in the morning for 7 days, then once-daily in the evening for 7 days, then twice daily for 7 days. Primary and secondary efficacy end points were mean IOP at each diurnal time point (8 am, 10 am, 12 pm, and 4 pm) and mean change in IOP from baseline, respectively.All 3 concentrations of AR-12286 produced statistically and clinically significant reductions in mean IOP that were dose dependent, with peak effects occurring 2 to 4 hours after dosing. Mean IOP at peak effect ranged from 17.6 to 18.7 mm Hg (-6.8 to -4.4 mm Hg) for the 3 concentrations. The largest IOP reductions were produced by 0.25% AR-12286 after twice daily dosing (up to -6.8 mm Hg; 28%). The 0.25% concentration dosed once-daily in the evening produced highly significant IOP reductions throughout the following day (-5.4 to -4.2 mm Hg). The only adverse event of note was trace (+0.5) to moderate (+2) conjunctival hyperemia that was transient, typically lasting 4 hours or less. After once-daily evening dosing, hyperemia was seen in less than 10% of patients.AR-12286 was well tolerated and provided clinically and statistically significant ocular hypotensive efficacy in patients with ocular hypertension and glaucoma.