Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in commercial pasteurized milk samples in Sari, Mazandaran province, Iran

Research paper by Hamidreza Mohammadi, Mohammad Shokrzadeh, Zahra Aliabadi, Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani

Indexed on: 09 Mar '16Published on: 29 Feb '16Published in: Mycotoxin Research


The frequency and levels of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in pasteurized milk samples in Sari, located in Mazandaran province, Iran, were determined by enzyme immunoassay. Seventy-six samples of pasteurized milk from different retail stores were randomly collected over four seasons during the year 2015. AFM1 contamination was detected in all milk samples. The mean concentration of aflatoxin M1 was 65.8 ng/l, with a range of 11.7–106.6 ng/l. The highest AFM1 level was detected in milk samples collected during spring. Forty-six (60.53 %) samples had AFM1 levels that exceeded the maximum acceptable levels (50 ng/l) recommended by the European Union (EU). Comparison of these results with previously published data for AFM1 in milk in Iran shows that the percentage of samples exceeding the EU maximum level is consistently high over the years, indicating a general problem related to AFB1 contamination in dairy feedingstuff.