Occupational and environmental exposure of automobile mechanics and nonautomotive workers to airborne manganese arising from the combustion of methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT).

Research paper by P P Sierra, S S Loranger, G G Kennedy, J J Zayed

Indexed on: 01 Jul '95Published on: 01 Jul '95Published in: American Industrial Hygiene Association journal


Inhalation exposure to manganese (Mn) was measured for a group of garage mechanics and a control group of nonautomotive workers. The airborne Mn exposure of 35 garage mechanics suspected of being relatively highly exposed to Mn from MMT was measured at the workplace over one-week period. It also was measured for 30 nonautomotive workers at the University of Montreal. The environmental exposure also was measured for the two groups, as was the exposure to three other metals, aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn). At work the mechanics were exposed to Mn concentrations varying from 0.010 to 6.673 micrograms m-3 with a mean of 0.45 microgram m-5, while the control group was exposed to concentrations varying from 0.011 to 1.862 microgram m-3 with a mean of 0.04 microgram m-3. The mean environmental exposure for the two groups was similar to the Mn concentrations gathered in Montreal in 1992. Workplace concentrations of Al, Fe, and Zn also were higher for the garage mechanics. The results suggest that less than 10% of the Mn exposure of the garage mechanics was due to MMT. The levels of the metals measured were below the established limits for industrial and even environmental exposure.