Observational cross helicity on the solar surface

Research paper by MingYu Zhao, XiaoFan Wang, HongQi Zhang

Indexed on: 27 Jan '14Published on: 27 Jan '14Published in: Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy


We analyzed the correlation of the solar magnetograms and Dopplergrams from SOHO/MDI and SDO/HMI respectively. It is found that the full disk correlation coefficient of Dopplergrams is more than 0.80 between SOHO/MDI and SDO/HMI. The full disk correlation coefficient of magnetograms is about 0.73 and is more than 0.95 for active regions only. We also analyzed the distribution of the cross helicity (velocity-magnetic-field correlation) on the solar surface. It is found that the latitude distributions of the cross helicity based on SOHO/MDI data and SDO/HMI data have similar tendencies, and in the analysis of solar active regions the amplitude of the horizontal component of the mean cross helicity is about two times the line-of-sight one.