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Nurses' Attitudes Towards Older People Care: An Integrative Review.

Research paper by Kathy L KL Rush, Stormee S Hickey, Sheila S Epp, Robert R Janke

Indexed on: 24 Jun '17Published on: 24 Jun '17Published in: Journal of Clinical Nursing



Abstract

To examine hospital nurses' attitudes towards caring for older adults and delineate associated factors contributing to their attitudes.Population aging is of international significance. A nursing workforce able to care for the ageing population is critical for ensuring quality older adult care. A synthesis of research related to nurses' attitudes towards older adult care is important for informing care quality and the nursing workforce issues.A systematic integrative review process guided the review. Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature and Medline databases were searched for primary research published between 2005 and 2017. A total of 1690 papers were screened with 67 papers read in-depth and 8 selected for this review that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria.Nurses' held co-existing positive and negative attitudes towards generic and specific aspects of older adult care. Negative attitudes, in particular, were directed at the characteristics of older adults, their care demands, or reflected in nurses' approaches to care. Across jurisdictions work environment, education, experience, and demographics emerged as influences on nurses' attitudes.There is a paucity of research examining nurses' attitudes towards older adult care. The limited evidence indicates that attitudes towards older people care are complex and contradictory. Influences on nurses' attitudes need further study individually and collectively to build a strong evidence base. Interventional studies are needed as are the development of valid and reliable instruments for measuring nurses' attitudes towards older adult care.Bolstering post-graduate gerontological preparation is critical for promoting nurses' attitudes towards older adult care. Creating age-friendly work environments, including appropriate resource allocation, is important to support older people care and facilitate positive nursing attitudes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.