Indexed on: 26 Feb '15Published on: 26 Feb '15Published in: Combustion, Explosion, and Shock Waves
The formation of high-velocity compact elements of shaped charges with a liner of a combined hemisphere-cylinder shape has been analyzed by numerical simulations of a two-dimensional axisymmetric problem of continuum mechanics. The influence of the radius and thickness of the hemispherical portion of the combined liner on the parameters of the compact elements has been studied. It is shown that in implosion of hemispherical liners whose thickness decreases from top to bottom, there is an increase in the velocity of the resulting jet flow. When using a hemispherical portion of variable thickness (to increase the velocity of the compact elements formed), it is necessary to solve two additional problems—to implement timely separation of the head part of the jet flow with increased velocity and increase its mass. For this, it is proposed to use the jet-forming part of the combined liner in the form of a truncated sphere or a slightly elongated ellipsoid of revolution. Combined shaped-charge liners in the form of a truncated ellipsoid of variable thickness were developed, allowing the formation of compact elements having a velocity of 7.5–10 km/s.