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Novel Histone Deacetylase 6 Inhibitor CKD-506 Inhibits NF-κB Signaling in Intestinal Epithelial Cells and Macrophages and Ameliorates Acute and Chronic Murine Colitis.

Research paper by Jung Won JW Lee, Soung-Min SM Lee, Jaeyoung J Chun, Jong Pil JP Im, Su-Kil SK Seo, Nina N Ha, Young Y Il Choi, Joo Sung JS Kim

Indexed on: 04 Jan '20Published on: 03 Jan '20Published in: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases



Abstract

Selective blocking of HDAC6 has become a promising strategy in treating inflammatory bowel disease. CKD-506 is a novel isoform-selective inhibitor of histone deacetylase 6. The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of CKD-506 on the NF-κB signaling pathway in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and macrophages and on murine models of acute and chronic colitis. RAW264RAW264.7 murine macrophages and COLO 205 human IECs were pretreated with CKD-506 and then stimulated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Cytokine expression of TNF-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and IL-10 was measured by ELISA. The effect of CKD-506 on NF-κB signaling was evaluated by Western blotting of IκBα phosphorylation/degradation and electrophoretic mobility shift assay. In vivo studies were performed using a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced acute colitis model, a chronic colitis model in IL-10 knockout mice, and an adoptive transfer model. Colitis was quantified by the disease activity index, colon length, and histopathologic evaluation. CKD-506 suppressed the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α in IECs and macrophages. CKD-506 strongly inhibited IκBα phosphorylation/degradation and the DNA-binding activity of NF-κB. Oral administration of CKD-506 attenuated DSS-induced acute colitis and chronic colitis in IL-10-/- and adoptive transfer models. CKD-506 ameliorated weight loss, disease activity, and histopathologic score in colitis mice and downregulated IκBα phosphorylation and pro-inflammatory cytokine production significantly. CKD-506 blocked NF-κB signaling in IECs and macrophages and ameliorated experimental acute and chronic murine colitis models, which suggests that CKD-506 is a promising candidate for inflammatory bowel disease treatment as a small molecular medicine. © 2020 Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.