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Novel fluorinated derivatives of the broad-spectrum MMP inhibitors N-hydroxy-2(R)-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl](benzyl)- and (3-picolyl)-amino]-3-methyl-butanamide as potential tools for the molecular imaging of activated MMPs with PET.

Research paper by Stefan S Wagner, Hans-Jörg HJ Breyholz, Marilyn P MP Law, Andreas A Faust, Carsten C Höltke, Sandra S Schröer, Günter G Haufe, Bodo B Levkau, Otmar O Schober, Michael M Schäfers, Klaus K Kopka

Indexed on: 25 Oct '07Published on: 25 Oct '07Published in: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry



Abstract

An approach to the in vivo imaging of locally upregulated and activated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) found in many pathological processes is offered by positron emission tomography (PET). Hence, appropriate PET radioligands for MMP imaging are required. Here, we describe the syntheses of novel fluorinated MMP inhibitors (MMPIs) based on lead structures of the broad-spectrum inhibitors N-hydroxy-2(R)-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl](benzyl)-amino]-3-methyl-butanamide (CGS 25966) and N-hydroxy-2(R)-[[(4-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl](3-picolyl)-amino]-3-methyl-butanamide (CGS 27023A). Additionally, tailor-made precursor compounds for radiolabeling with the positron-emitter 18F were synthesized. All prepared hydroxamate target compounds showed high in vitro MMP inhibition potencies for MMP-2, MMP-8, MMP-9, and MMP-13. As a consequence, the promising fluorinated hydroxamic acid derivative 1f was resynthesized in its 18F-labeled version via two different procedures yielding the potential PET radioligand [18F]1f. As expected, the biodistribution behavior of this novel compound and that of the more hydrophilic variant [18F]1j, also developed by our group, indicates that there was no tissue specific accumulation in wild-type (WT) mice.