Indexed on: 10 Jun '18Published on: 10 Jun '18Published in: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
The present study describes the fabrication of a novel alginate-di-aldehyde (ADA) cross-linked gelatin (GEL)/nano-hydroxyapatite (nHAp) bioscaffold by lyophilization process. The physico-chemical properties of the scaffolds were evaluated in order to assess its suitability for tissue engineering application. ADA was prepared from periodate oxidation of alginate which facilitate the crosslinking between free amino group of gelatin and available aldehyde group of ADA through Schiff's base formation. nHAp was synthesized from waste egg-shells by wet chemical method. The synthesized HAp was found crystalline and nanosize (~45 nm) by XRD and TEM analysis respectively. Ca to P ratio of nHAp is 1.51 as observed by EDX confirmed the suitability of the scaffold for biomedical application. The crosslinked ADA increases thermal stability of scaffolds. Water uptake and degradation ability significantly reduced with the increase of nHAp in the scaffold due to the higher stiffness contributed by nHAp. SEM analysis revealed that the pore size and porosity of the scaffolds declines with the proliferation of nHAp in the scaffolds. XRD analysis of the scaffolds shows the increase of crystallinity in the composites due to incorporation of nHAp and ADA. Cytotoxicity of the all scaffolds were examined by normal kidney epithelial cells (Vero cells) and the results confirmed the non-toxicity of the scaffolds, which proved it is extremely cytocompatible. These tunable physical properties and enhance biocompatibility of prepared scaffold offer advance application in soft tissue regeneration and could be a promising candidate for biomedical application. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.