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Norcantharidin combined with EGFR-TKIs overcomes HGF-induced resistance to EGFR-TKIs in EGFR mutant lung cancer cells via inhibition of Met/PI3k/Akt pathway.

Research paper by Hongyan H Wu, Fangtian F Fan, Zhaoguo Z Liu, Cunsi C Shen, Aiyun A Wang, Yin Y Lu

Indexed on: 13 Jun '15Published on: 13 Jun '15Published in: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology



Abstract

Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induces resistance to reversible and irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI) in EGFR mutant lung cancer cells by activating Met and the downstream phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Moreover, continuous exposure to HGF accelerates the emergence of EGFR-TKI-resistant clones. We examined whether norcantharidin (NCTD), a demethylated analog of cantharidin, could reverse HGF-induced resistance to EGFR-TKIs in mutant lung cancer cells PC-9 and HCC827.MTT assay was used to evaluate cell proliferation of NCTD on PC-9 and HCC827 cells in vitro. Western blotting assays were used to determine the expression of EGFR, p-EGFR (Thr 669), MET, p-MET, AKT, p-AKT (Ser473), PI3kp85, or p-PI3k p85. HGF concentrations were measured by ELISA. HGF-producing cells and PC-9/HGF were established by recombinant adenovirus vectors Ad-GFP-HGF. Xenograft model in SCID mice was used to test the regressive effect of tumor growth on PC-9 cells in vivo.NCTD could reverse resistance to EGFR-TKIs induced by exogenous and endogenous HGF in EGFR mutant lung cancer cells via inhibiting the Met/PI3K/Akt pathway. These results suggested that NCTD may be a promising candidate for developing preventive agents against EGFR-TKIs acquired resistance in NSCLC. In the in vivo model, NCTD plus gefitinib resulted in marked regression of tumor growth associated with inhibition of Akt phosphorylation in cancer cells.NCTD may be a promising candidate for developing preventive agents against EGFR-TKIs acquired resistance in NSCLC.

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