Indexed on: 13 May '09Published on: 13 May '09Published in: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
A glyphosate-tolerant population of Canavalia ensiformis was collected in a cover crop in citrus orchards in Veracruz (Mexico), where glyphosate had been used for the first time. A susceptible Amaranthus hybridus L. population was collected from a nearby field that had never been treated with glyphosate. Dose-response experiments indicated a glyphosate tolerance ratio [ED(50)(C. ensiformis)/ED(50) (A. hybridus)] of 7.7. The hypothesis of a high level of glyphosate tolerance was provisionally corroborated on the basis of shikimate accumulation in both species. The susceptible population accumulated 6 times more shikimic acid in leaf tissue 96 h after glyphosate application than the tolerant leguminous crop. Two different physiological factors were involved in the glyphosate tolerance of this C. ensiformis population, which were confirmed by [(14)C]glyphosate, being a lack of penetration of glyphosate through the cuticle of the leguminous plants and an impaired herbicide translocation to the roots and the rest of shoots. This paper reports that two different nontarget site-based mechanisms, limited absorption and reduced translocation, contribute to the glyphosate tolerance found in C. ensiformis.