Indexed on: 15 Jul '15Published on: 15 Jul '15Published in: Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
We consider the inhomogeneous nonparaxial nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation with varying dispersion, nonlinearity, and nonparaxiality coefficients, which governs the nonlinear wave propagation in an inhomogeneous optical fiber system. We present the similarity and Darboux transformations and for the chosen specific set of parameters and free functions, the first- and second-order rational solutions of the nonparaxial NLS equation are generated. In particular, the features of rogue waves throughout polynomial and Jacobian elliptic functions are analyzed, showing the nonparaxial effects. It is shown that the nonparaxiality increases the intensity of rogue waves by increasing the length and reducing the width simultaneously, by the way it increases their speed and penalizes interactions between them. These properties and the characteristic controllability of the nonparaxial rogue waves may give another opportunity to perform experimental realizations and potential applications in optical fibers.