Nonlinear properties of split-ring resonators

Research paper by Bingnan Wang, Jiangfeng Zhou, Thomas Koschny, Costas M. Soukoulis

Indexed on: 24 Sep '08Published on: 24 Sep '08Published in: Physics - Materials Science


In this letter, the properties of split-ring resonators (SRRs) loaded with high-Q capacitors and nonlinear varactors are theoretically analyzed and experimentally measured. We demonstrate that the resonance frequency $f_m$ of the nonlinear SRRs can be tuned by increasing the incident power. $f_m$ moves to lower and higher frequencies for the SRR loaded with one varactor and two back-to-back varactors, respectively. For high incident powers, we observe bistable tunable metamaterials and hysteresis effects. Moreover, the coupling between two nonlinear SRRs is also discussed.