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Non-dispersive infrared gas sensor

Imported: 23 Feb '17 | Published: 22 Oct '02

Hong T. Sun, Peter C. Hsi

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

An NDIR sensor includes a cylindrical metallic tube, a printed circuit board platform that fits into one end of the tube, a diffusion filter that fits into the opposite end of the tube, and an optical system. The optical system includes an infrared source on the platform, a mirror on the inner wall of the tube so as to reflect and focus the infrared light from the infrared source, and a detector assembly that receives the infrared light after reflection. The gas sensor may further include a partition between the infrared source and the detector assembly, a removable filter on the diffusion filter, connecting pins attached to the platform, and a sealing layer formed under the platform. The detector assembly includes a signal detector and a reference detector. A first and second bandpass filters are respectively formed on the signal and reference detectors.

Description

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a sectional view of an explosion-proof single-gas NDIR sensor in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the explosion-proof single-gas NDIR sensor of FIG.

1.

FIG. 3 is a schematic of signal conditioning circuit mounted on a platform in the sensor of FIG.

1.

FIG. 4 is a schematic top view of an explosion-proof single-gas NDIR sensor in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a schematic top view of an explosion-proof single-gas NDIR sensor in accordance with still another embodiment of the present invention.

Use of the same reference symbols in different figures indicates similar or identical items.

Claims

1. A gas sensor comprising:

2. The gas sensor of claim 1, further comprising a partition between the infrared source and the detector assembly to block direct transmission of infrared light from the infrared source to the detector assembly.

3. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the filter comprises a fixed filter and a removable filter.

4. The gas sensor of claim 3, wherein the removable filter comprises a plastic fiber filter.

5. The gas sensor of claim 3, wherein the fixed filter is made of a porous sintered metal plate.

6. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the filter comprises a porous sintered metal plate.

7. The gas sensor of claim 6, wherein the porous sintered metal plate comprises sintered stainless steel.

8. The gas sensor of claim 7, wherein the sintered stainless steel is at least 0.08″ thick.

9. The gas sensor of claim 1, further comprising connecting pins attached to the platform, the connecting pins providing electrical communication between the detector assembly and an external system.

10. The gas sensor of claim 1, further comprising a sealing layer formed under and supporting the platform.

11. The gas sensor of claim 10, wherein the sealing layer is made of an epoxy resin.

12. The gas sensor of claim 11, wherein the epoxy sealing layer is at least 0.12″ thick.

13. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the tube is made of a metal.

14. The gas sensor of claim 13, wherein the metal is selected from the group consisting of a stainless steel and an aluminum alloy.

15. The gas sensor of claim 14, wherein the stainless steel tube is at least 0.08″ thick.

16. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the reflective portion is a polished portion of the inner wall of the tube.

17. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the reflective portion comprises a coating of a reflecting material on the inner wall of the tube.

18. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the platform is a printed circuit board.

19. The gas sensor of claim 18, further comprising a signal conditioning circuit formed on the printed circuit board.

20. The gas sensor of claim 19, wherein the detector assembly comprises a thermopile detector and the signal conditioning circuit comprises an amplifier coupled to amplify a signal from the thermopile detector, the amplifier be adjacent to the thermopile detector on the printed circuit board.

21. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the infrared source is a light bulb.

22. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the detector assembly comprises a signal detector and a reference detector.

23. The gas sensor of claim 22, wherein the signal and reference detectors are thermopile detectors.

24. The gas sensor of claim 22, wherein the signal and reference detectors are pyroelectric detectors.

25. The gas sensor of claim 22, wherein a first bandpass filter is on the signal detector, the first bandpass filter allowing a first wavelength range of light to pass through the first bandpass filter, wherein a target gas absorbs light in the first wavelength range.

26. The gas sensor of claim 25, wherein a center wavelength of the first bandpass filter is 3.40 m when the target gas is a hydrocarbon.

27. The gas sensor of claim 25, wherein a center wavelength of the first bandpass filter is 4.26 m when the target gas is carbon dioxide.

28. The gas sensor of claim 25, wherein a center wavelength of the first bandpass filter is 4.64 m when the target gas is carbon monoxide.

29. The gas sensor of claim 25, wherein a center wavelength of the first bandpass filter is 5.30 m when the target gas is an oxide of nitrogen.

30. The gas sensor of claim 25, wherein a second bandpass filter is on the reference detector, the second bandpass filter allowing a second wavelength range of light to pass through the second bandpass filter, wherein the target gas does not absorb light in the second wavelength range.

31. The gas sensor of claim 30, wherein a center wavelength of the second bandpass filter is between 3.80 m and 4.00 m inclusively.

32. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the reflective portion includes all of the inner wall of the tube.

33. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the gas sensor is explosion-proof.

34. The gas sensor of claim 1, further comprising means for sealing the first and second ends of the tube to make the gas sensor explosion-proof.

35. The gas sensor of claim 34, where the means for sealing comprising:

36. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the platform and the filter are attached to the tube to provide a chamber that confines any ignited gas within the chamber.

37. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the detector assembly comprises a plurality of signal detectors and a reference detector.

38. The gas sensor of claim 1, wherein the detector assembly comprises a plurality of pairs of signal and reference detector.

39. An explosion-proof gas sensor comprising:

40. The explosion-proof gas sensor of claim 39, wherein the filter includes a fixed filter made of a porous sintered metal plate.

41. The explosion-proof gas sensor of claim 40, wherein the porous sintered metal plate comprises sintered stainless steel.

42. The explosion-proof gas sensor of claim 40, wherein the porous sintered metal plate is at least 0.08″ thick.

43. The explosion-proof gas sensor of claim 40, further comprising a sealing layer formed under and supporting the platform.

44. The explosion-proof gas sensor of claim 43, wherein the sealing layer is made of an epoxy resin.

45. The explosion-proof gas sensor of claim 43, wherein the sealing layer is at least 0.12″ thick.

46. The explosion-proof gas sensor of claim 39, wherein the tube is made of a metal that is at least 0.08″ thick.