Nitric oxide in human gingival crevicular fluid after orthodontic force application.

Research paper by H H Ford, S S Suri, D D Nilforoushan, M M Manolson, S G SG Gong

Indexed on: 12 Aug '14Published on: 12 Aug '14Published in: Archives of Oral Biology


Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in bone remodelling and has been shown to play a role in regulating the rate of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in rat models. In humans, however, the role of NO in OTM remains less clear. In this study, NO concentration in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was measured in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. Thirteen male participants (ages 11-18 years) planned for non-extraction fixed orthodontic therapy were recruited. Samples of GCF were collected from each maxillary central incisor and first and second molar immediately before (T0), 1h after (T1), and 3-4 days after (T2) application of light orthodontic forces. The maxillary second molars were not included in the appliance and served as controls. Measureable NO levels were consistently obtained from all sampled sites. Total NO levels showed significantly higher NO levels (p<0.05) at T1 at the buccal surfaces of the central incisors when compared to the first and second molars. The results indicate a possible role for NO in OTM at the pressure sites of incisors at early time points. Further studies are required to determine whether NO levels in the periodontal ligament tissues of human teeth during OTM are affected by a force gradient and the magnitude of the applied force.