New Branches of String Compactifications and their F-Theory Duals

Research paper by G. Aldazabal, A. Font, L. E. Ibanez, A. M. Uranga

Indexed on: 15 Jul '96Published on: 15 Jul '96Published in: High Energy Physics - Theory


We study heterotic $E_8\times E_8$ models that are dual to compactifications of F-theory and type IIA string on certain classes of elliptically fibered Calabi-Yau manifolds. Different choices for the specific torus in the fibration have heterotic duals that are most easily understood in terms of $E_8\times E_8$ models with gauge backgrounds of type $H\times U(1)^{8-d}$, where $H$ is a non-Abelian factor. The case with $d=8$ corresponds to the well known $E_8\times E_8$ compactifications with non-Abelian instanton backgrounds $(k_1,k_2)$ whose F-theory duals are built through compactifications on fibrations of the torus $\IP_2^{(1,2,3)}[6]$ over $\IF_n$. The new cases with $d < 8$ correspond to other choices for the elliptic fiber over the same base and yield unbroken $U(1)$'s, some of which are anomalous and acquire a mass by swallowing zero modes of the antisymmetric $B_{MN}$ field. We also study transitions to models with no tensor multiplets in $D=6$ and find evidence of $E_d$ instanton dynamics. We also consider the possibility of conifold transitions among spaces with different realization of the elliptic fiber.