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Neuroprotective effects of EpoL against oxidative stress induced by soluble oligomers of Aβ peptide.

Research paper by C C Castillo, C C Fernández-Mendívil, I I Buendia, P P Saavedra, C C Meza, N C NC Parra, M G MG Lopez, J R JR Toledo, J J Fuentealba

Indexed on: 12 Apr '19Published on: 10 Apr '19Published in: Redox Biology



Abstract

Erythropoietin is a glycoproteic hormone that regulates hematopoiesis by acting on its specific receptor (EpoR). The expression of EpoR in the central nervous system (CNS) suggests a role for this hormone in the brain. Recently, we developed a new Epo variant without hematopoietic activity called EpoL, which showed marked neuroprotective effects against oxidative stress in brain ischemia related models. In this study, we have evaluated the neuroprotective effects of EpoL against oxidative stress induced by chronic treatment with Aβ. Our results show that EpoL was neuroprotective against Aβ-induced toxicity by a mechanism that implicates EpoR, reduction in reactive oxygen species, and reduction in astrogliosis. Furthermore, EpoL treatment improved calcium handling and SV2 levels. Interestingly, the neuroprotective effect of EpoL against oxidative stress induced by chronic Aβ treatment was achieved at a concentration 10 times lower than that of Epo. In conclusion, EpoL, a new variant of Epo without hematopoietic activity, is of potential interest for the treatment of diseases related to oxidative stress in the CNS such as Alzheimer disease. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.