Neurolisteriosis mimicking herpes simplex encephalitis in an immunocompromized patient.

Research paper by John J Protopsaltis, Stelios S Kokkoris, Paris S PS Brestas, George G Chrysos, Leonardos L Salvanos, Christiana C Samara, Gregory G Giannoulis

Indexed on: 30 Aug '06Published on: 30 Aug '06Published in: Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases


Brain MRI was performed in an immunocompromized febrile and lethargic patient, revealing an asymmetric bilateral temporal lobe involvement, strongly suggestive of herpetic encephalitis. Nevertheless, PCR in CSF for Listeria monocytogens was positive. This case implies that Listeria might be considered in patients with clinical and imaging suspicion of herpetic encephalitis.