Near-wall flow in a three-dimensional boundary layer on the endwall of a 30° bend

Research paper by K. A. Flack, J. P. Johnston

Indexed on: 01 Feb '98Published on: 01 Feb '98Published in: Experiments in Fluids


 Turbulence measurements are reported on the three-dimensional turbulent boundary layer along the centerline of the flat endwall in a 30° bend. Profiles of mean velocities and Reynolds stresses were obtained down to y+≈2 for the mean flow and y+≈8 for the turbulent stresses. Mean velocity data collapsed well on a simple law-of-the-wall based on the magnitude of the resultant velocity. The turbulence intensity and turbulent shear stress magnitude both increased with increased three-dimensionality. The ratio of these two quantities, the a1 structure parameter, decreased in the central regions of the boundary layer and showed profile similarity for y+<50. The shear stress vector angle lagged behind the velocity gradient vector angle in the outer region of the boundary layer, however there was an indication that the shear stress vector tends to lead the velocity gradient vector close to the wall.