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Narrow-line Cooling and Determination of Magic Wavelength of Cd

Research paper by A. Yamaguchi, M. S. Safronova, K. Gibble, H. Katori

Indexed on: 26 Nov '20Published on: 17 Sep '19Published in: arXiv - Physics - Atomic Physics



Abstract

We experimentally and theoretically determine the magic wavelength of the (5$s^2$)$^{1}S_{0}$$-$(5$s$5$p$)$^{3}P_{0}$ clock transition of $^{111}$Cd to be 419.88(14) nm and 420.1(7) nm. To perform Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of the clock transition, we use narrow-line laser cooling on the $^{1}S_{0}$$-$$^{3}P_{1}$ transition to cool the atoms to 6 $\mu$K and load them into an optical lattice. Cadmium is an attractive candidate for optical lattice clocks because it has a small sensitivity to blackbody radiation and its efficient narrow-line cooling mitigates higher order light shifts. We calculate the blackbody shift, including the dynamic correction, to be fractionally 2.83(8)$\times$10$^{-16}$ at 300 K, an order of magnitude smaller than that of Sr and Yb. We also report calculations of the Cd $^1P_1$ lifetime and the ground state $C_6$ coefficient.