Nanoscale capacitance: a classical charge-dipole approximation

Research paper by Jun-Qiang Lu, Jonathan Gonzalez, Carlos Sierra, Yang Li

Indexed on: 29 Jul '13Published on: 29 Jul '13Published in: Physics - Materials Science


Modeling nanoscale capacitance presents particular challenge because of dynamic contribution from electrodes, which can usually be neglected in modeling macroscopic capacitance and nanoscale conductance. We present a model to calculate capacitances of nano-gap configurations and define effective capacitances of nanoscale structures. The model is implemented by using a classical atomic charge-dipole approximation and applied to calculate capacitance of a carbon nanotube nano-gap and effective capacitance of a buckyball inside the nano-gap. Our results show that capacitance of the carbon nanotube nano-gap increases with length of electrodes which demonstrates the important roles played by the electrodes in dynamic properties of nanoscale circuits.