Quantcast

Nanophotonic approaches for integrated quantum photonics

Research paper by Stefano Pierini, Mackrine Nahra, Maxime Joos, Muhammad H. Muhammad, Viatcheslav Agafonov, Emmanuel Lhuillier, Fabien Geoffray, Valery Davydov, Quentin Glorieux, Elisabeth Giacobino, Sylvain Blaize, Alberto Bramati, Christophe Couteau

Indexed on: 24 Sep '19Published on: 23 Sep '19Published in: arXiv - Quantum Physics



Abstract

Photons for quantum technologies have been identified early on as a very good candidate for carrying quantum information encoded onto them, either by polarization encoding, time encoding or spatial encoding. Quantum cryptography, quantum communications, quantum networks in general and quantum computing are some of the applications targeted by what is now called quantum photonics. Nevertheless, it was pretty clear at an early stage that bulk optics for handling quantum states of light with photons would not be able to deliver what is needed for these technologies. More recently, single photons, entangled photons and quantum optics in general have been coupled to more integrated approaches coming from classical optics in order to meet the requirements of scalability, reliablility and efficiency for quantum technologies. In this article, we develop our recent advances in two different nanophotonic platforms for quantum photonics using elongated optical fibers and integrated glass waveguides made by the so-called ion-exchange technique. We also present our latest results on quantum nanoemitters that we plan to couple and incorporate with our photonics platforms. These nanoemitters are of two kinds: nanocrystals made of perovskites as well as silicon-vacancy defect centers in nanodiamonds. Some of their properties are developed in this work. We will then give the general steps necessary in order to couple these nanoemitters efficiently with our platforms in the near future.