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Mycophenolate mofetil reduces deterioration of renal function in patients with chronic allograft nephropathy. A follow-up study by the Spanish Cooperative Study Group of Chronic Allograft Nephropathy.

Research paper by Miguel M Gonzalez Molina, Daniel D Seron, Raimundo R Garcia del Moral, Marta M Carrera, Eugenia E Sola, Maria M Jesus Alferez, Pablo P Gomez Ullate, Luis L Capdevila, Miguel A MA Gentil

Indexed on: 27 Jan '04Published on: 27 Jan '04Published in: Transplantation



Abstract

Although studies have shown that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) with cyclosporine (CsA) and prednisone can reduce the incidence of acute rejection and increase the half-life of the graft, the effects of MMF on established chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) are controversial.We studied 121 patients with biopsy-proven CAN, 59 treated with CsA and prednisone and 62 treated with triple-drug therapy with azathioprine. At inclusion, each group received 2 g per day of MMF and azathioprine was stopped. Renal function was measured by the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) obtained by creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault) and monitored by the slope of the GFR, adjusted using linear regression.The median follow-up, after incorporation of MMF, was 36 (13-36) months, with 103 (85.1%) having a full 3-year follow-up. Before the introduction of MMF, there was progressive deterioration in renal function (GFR: 54.8+/-20.9 vs. 39.7+/-14.0 mL/min, P<0.001). After introduction of MMF, renal function remained stable (GFR: 39.7+/-14.0 vs. 41.3+/-10.8 mL/min, P=NS), with a significant change in the slope of the GFR (-0.0144 vs. +0.00045, P<0.001). In 65 patients in whom CsA blood levels remained unchanged during follow-up (148.0+/-65.6 vs. 154.1+/-58.2, P=NS), the slope of the GFR showed a reduction in loss of renal function (-0.0147 vs. -0.0001, P<0.001).Treatment with MMF reduced the progressive deterioration of renal function in patients with CAN, independently of the blood levels of CsA.