Indexed on: 02 Nov '12Published on: 02 Nov '12Published in: Molecular Biology Reports
The effects of D-loop mutations and the mtDNA copy number alterations in LSCC are poorly understood. Herein, we investigated the features and roles of somatic mutations of the D-loop region and copy number alterations in mtDNA of LSCC. Using direct sequencing and real-time quantitative PCR, we examined D-loop mutations and mtDNA copy number in LSCC tissues, paracancerous normal tissues and peripheral vein blood samples from 40 LSCC patients. A student's t test, ANOVA test and χ(2) test were used to analyze association among mutations, mtDNA copy number alterations with clinicopathologic parameters. The results revealed that 21 tumors (52.5 %) had somatic mtDNA D-loop mutations with a total of 34 mutations. Among them, 28 (82.4 %) and 6 (17.6 %) were located in HVII and HVI, respectively. D-loop mutations correlated with tumor differentiation and p53 mutation (P < 0.05), and increased mtDNA copy number. In addition, mtDNA copy number in tumor tissues and paracancerous normal tissues were all significantly higher than in peripheral blood (P < 0.05). The copy number of mtDNA in the cases which carried D-loop mutation was significantly higher than that of the negative cases (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the mtDNA D-loop in LSCC is an unstable region with a high frequency of somatic mutation and polymorphisms. Together with the increase in mtDNA copy number, these factors may play a role in carcinogenesis of the larynx.