Muscarinic receptor subtypes in bovine adrenal medulla

Research paper by José S. Aguilar, Juan J. Ballesta, Juan A. Reig, Mercedes Palmero, Salvador Viniegra, Manuel Criado

Indexed on: 01 Dec '92Published on: 01 Dec '92Published in: Neurochemical Research


Catecholamine secretion in the bovine adrenal medulla is evoked largely by nicotinic receptor activation. However, bovine adrenal medulla also contain muscarinic receptors that mediate several cell responses. To understand the physiological role of muscarinic receptors in the bovine adrenal medulla it is important to identify the pharmacological subtypes present in this tissue. For this, we analyzed the abilities of differnt selective muscarinic antagonists in displacing the binding of the non-selective antagonist [3H] quinuclidinyl benzylate to an enriched plasma membrane fraction prepared from bovine adrenal medulla. All the selective antagonists bind at least two bindings sites with different affinities. The binding profile of the sites with high proportion is similar to the M2 subtype and those present in low proportion have a M1 profile. However, some variation in the proportion of the sites for the different ligands suggest the presence of the third pharmacological subtype (M3). We conclude that the sites in high proportion (60–80%) correspond to M2 muscarinic subtypes, and the rest is constitute by M1 plus M3 subtypes. The presence of multiplicity of subtypes in the adrenal medulla membranes suggests a diversity of functions of muscarinic receptors in the adrenal gland.