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Multiple-relaxation-time lattice Boltzmann model for compressible fluids

Research paper by Feng Chen, Aiguo Xu, Guangcai Zhang, Yingjun Li

Indexed on: 18 Apr '10Published on: 18 Apr '10Published in: Physics - Statistical Mechanics



Abstract

We present an energy-conserving multiple-relaxation-time finite difference lattice Boltzmann model for compressible flows. This model is based on a 16-discrete-velocity model. The collision step is first calculated in the moment space and then mapped back to the velocity space. The moment space and corresponding transformation matrix are constructed according to the group representation theory. Equilibria of the nonconserved moments are chosen according to the need of recovering compressible Navier-Stokes equations through the Chapman-Enskog expansion. Numerical experiments showed that compressible flows with strong shocks can be well simulated by the present model. The used benchmark tests include (i) shock tubes, such as the Sod, Lax, Sjogreen, Colella explosion wave and collision of two strong shocks, (ii) regular and Mach shock reflections, and (iii) shock wave reaction on cylindrical bubble problems. The new model works for both low and high speeds compressible flows. It contains more physical information and has better numerical stability and accuracy than its single-relaxation-time version.