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Multiple early gastric stump carcinomas after gastrectomy for peptic ulcer.

Research paper by Y Y Yamashita, Y S YS Chung, K K Maeda, T T Sawada, K K Yoshikawa, Z Z Maekawa, T T Yamamoto, M M Sowa

Indexed on: 11 Sep '98Published on: 11 Sep '98Published in: American Journal of Gastroenterology



Abstract

The remnant stomach after partial gastrectomy is considered to have a predilection for the development of primary gastric carcinoma. However, early gastric stump carcinomas are uncommon because the diagnosis of gastric stump carcinoma is more difficult than that of carcinoma in the intact stomach. Triple early gastric stump carcinomas, as in the present case, are exceedingly rare and may provide some clues for further investigation of carcinogenesis in the gastric stump. We studied about the histological appearance, genetic alterations (P-53 gene, c-erbB-2 gene and K-ras gene), and expression of tumor-associated antigens (carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen 19-9, and sialyl-Tn) in this rare case. The three carcinomas differed from each other histologically. With respect to genetic alterations, c-erbB-2 was amplified in one lesion, but no mutations of K-ras and P-53 gene were detected. The three carcinomas also differed from each other on the expression of tumor-associated antigens. In noncancerous mucosal epithelium at the anastomosis showing hyperplasia and cystic formation of glandular epithelial cells, no genetic alterations were detected, but sialyl-Tn and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 were expressed. These results suggest that there may be different processes of carcinogenesis of the three carcinomas even though they occurred under identical environmental conditions to those that have increased cancer risk.