Multimodal voice conversion based on non-negative matrix factorization

Research paper by Kenta Masaka, Ryo Aihara, Tetsuya Takiguchi, Yasuo Ariki

Indexed on: 04 Sep '15Published on: 04 Sep '15Published in: EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing


A multimodal voice conversion (VC) method for noisy environments is proposed. In our previous non-negative matrix factorization (NMF)-based VC method, source and target exemplars are extracted from parallel training data, in which the same texts are uttered by the source and target speakers. The input source signal is then decomposed into source exemplars, noise exemplars, and their weights. Then, the converted speech is constructed from the target exemplars and the weights related to the source exemplars. In this study, we propose multimodal VC that improves the noise robustness of our NMF-based VC method. Furthermore, we introduce the combination weight between audio and visual features and formulate a new cost function to estimate audio-visual exemplars. Using the joint audio-visual features as source features, VC performance is improved compared with that of a previous audio-input exemplar-based VC method. The effectiveness of the proposed method is confirmed by comparing its effectiveness with that of a conventional audio-input NMF-based method and a Gaussian mixture model-based method.