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Multilamellar Liposomes and Solid-Supported Lipid Membranes (TRANSIL): Screening of Lipid-Water Partitioning Toward a High-Throughput Scale

Research paper by Angelika Loidl-Stahlhofen, Thorsten Hartmann, Matthias Schöttner, Cornelia Röhring, Hanna Brodowsky, Johannes Schmitt, Jörg Keldenich

Indexed on: 01 Dec '01Published on: 01 Dec '01Published in: Pharmaceutical Research



Abstract

Purpose. Lipid-water partitioning of 187 pharmaceuticals has been assessed with solid-supported lipid membranes (TRANSIL) in microwell plates and with multilamellar liposomes for a data comparison. The high-throughput potential of the new approach was evaluated.Methods. Drugs were incubated at pH 7.4 with egg yolk lecithin membranes either on a solid support (TRANSIL beads) or in the form of multilamellar liposomes. Phase separation of lipid and water phase was achieved by ultracentrifugation in case of liposomes or by a short filtration step in case of solid-supported lipid membranes.Results. Lipid-water partitioning data of both approaches correlate well without systematic deviations in the investigated lipophilicity range. The solid-supported lipid membrane approach provides high-precision data in an automated microwell-plate setup. The lipid composition of the solid-supported lipid membranes was varied to study the influence of membrane change on lipid-water partitioning. In addition, pH-dependent measurements have been performed with minimal experimental effort.Conclusions. Solid-supported lipid membranes represent a valuable tool to determine physiologically relevant lipid-water partitioning data of pharmaceuticals in an automated setup and is well suited for high-throughput data generation in lead optimization programs.