Multi-Source Transmission for Wireless Relay Networks with Linear Complexity

Research paper by Liangbin Li, Yindi Jing, Hamid Jafarkhani

Indexed on: 08 Nov '10Published on: 08 Nov '10Published in: Computer Science - Information Theory


This paper considers transmission schemes in multi-access relay networks (MARNs) where $J$ single-antenna sources send independent information to one $N$-antenna destination through one $M$-antenna relay. For complexity considerations, we propose a linear framework, where the relay linearly transforms its received signals to generate the forwarded signals without decoding and the destination uses its multi-antennas to fully decouple signals from different sources before decoding, by which the decoding complexity is linear in the number of sources. To achieve a high symbol rate, we first propose a scheme called DSTC-ICRec in which all sources' information streams are concurrently transmitted in both the source-relay link and the relay-destination link. In this scheme, distributed space-time coding (DSTC) is applied at the relay, which satisfies the linear constraint. DSTC also allows the destination to conduct the zero-forcing interference cancellation (IC) scheme originally proposed for multi-antenna systems to fully decouple signals from different sources. Our analysis shows that the symbol rate of DSTC-ICRec is $1/2$ symbols/source/channel use and the diversity gain of the scheme is upperbounded by $M-J+1$. To achieve a higher diversity gain, we propose another scheme called TDMA-ICRec in which the sources time-share the source-relay link. The relay coherently combines the signals on its antennas to maximize the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of each source, then concurrently forwards all sources' information. The destination performs zero-forcing IC. It is shown through both analysis and simulation that when $N \ge 2J-1$, TDMA-ICRec achieves the same maximum diversity gain as the full TDMA scheme in which the information stream from each source is assigned to an orthogonal channel in both links, but with a higher symbol rate.