Indexed on: 05 Mar '13Published on: 05 Mar '13Published in: Inflammation
Neutrophilic airway inflammation associated with multiple allergens has been related to steroid-resistant asthma. However, most animal models use only one allergen, which cannot simulate asthma closely as seen in patients. To determine the mechanism of inflammatory process involved in this severe condition, BALB/c mice were repetitively challenged with the pooled extract of dust mite, ragweed, and Aspergillus species (DRA). We found that DRA increased interleukin (IL)-10 and TGF-β levels and neutrophil recruitment in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid. We also found that although dexamethasone suppressed the release of these two cytokines, mast cells recruitment, and mucus hypersecretion, it actually increased neutrophil infiltration and the level of keratinocyte-derived chemokine (mKC), a functional homolog of human IL-8. Treatment of human lung alveolar A549 cells with Der p1, an extract of house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, increased the expression of IL-8 and activity of NF-κB. The elevated IL-8 level was suppressed by BAY11-7082, a selective NF-κB inhibitor, but not by dexamethasone. These results suggest that increased IL-8 (mKC) levels may be involved in steroid-resistant neutrophilic airway inflammation through an NF-κB-dependent pathway.