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Mouse conceptuses have a limited capacity to elevate the mRNA level of cellular retinoid binding proteins in response to teratogenic doses of retinoic acid.

Research paper by D C DC Harnish, K J KJ Soprano, D R DR Soprano

Indexed on: 01 Aug '92Published on: 01 Aug '92Published in: Teratology



Abstract

In these studies, we wished to determine the effect of teratogenic doses of retinoic acid on the expression of cellular retinoic acid binding protein I (CRABP-I) mRNA, cellular retinoic acid binding protein II (CRABP-II) mRNA, cellular retinol binding protein I (CRBP-I) mRNA, and cellular retinol binding protein II (CRBP-II) mRNA in mouse conceptuses. Levels of CRABP-II mRNA and CRBP-I mRNA were modestly elevated (2.5-fold and 1.5-fold, respectively) in 9-day gestation conceptuses following treatment of dams with 100 mg/kg b.w. of retinoic acid. These levels were elevated by 6 hr following treatment and remained elevated until 48 and 24 hr, respectively. Two other retinoids, etretinate and retinoyl beta-glucuronide, also moderately elevated CRABP-II mRNA and CRBP-I mRNA levels in conceptuses. In contrast, the levels of CRABP-I mRNA in the conceptuses remained unaffected by treatment with any of these three retinoids. These results demonstrate that conceptuses have a limited capacity to elevate the cellular retinoid binding proteins mRNA levels and presumably the synthesis of their respective proteins in response to high, teratogenic doses of retinoic acid. As a result, an excess of free retinoic acid becomes available to the nuclear retinoic acid receptors, which may lead to inappropriate gene expression and eventual maldevelopment.